NEW YORK (AP) — Stocks surged Tuesday on hopes that European leaders are moving closer to a plan to contain that region’s debt crisis. The Dow Jones industrial average jumped more than 200 points.
The Dow is headed for a third day of gains. The 30-stock average has now made up most of its 737-point plunge last week, the worst since the financial crisis.
Germany’s chancellor Angela Merkel said her country would do whatever it could to help Greece regain investors’ confidence. Greece’s finance minister also said that country would receive the next round of bailout loans in time to avoid a default. Greece was at risk of running out of money by mid-October if it did not receive the funds.
“Europeans are finally starting to understand that they need to act with some force to get ahead of the European debt crisis,” said John Briggs, a fixed-income strategist at RBS.
The Dow shot up 232 points, or 2.1 percent, to 11,276 as of 3:15 p.m. Eastern. It had been up as many as 326 points earlier in the day. The Dow jumped 272 points on Monday.
The gains were broad. Every one of the 30 stocks in the Dow average rose, led by Hewlett-Packard Co. with a 7.6 percent gain. Thirteen stocks rose for every one that fell on the New York Stock Exchange.
The Standard & Poor’s 500 index rose 22, or 1.9 percent, to 1,185. Materials and energy shares led the S&P higher. Only 19 of the 500 stocks in the S&P 500 fell. Sears Holdings Corp. rose 12 percent, the most of any stock in the index.
The Nasdaq composite rose 47, or 1.9 percent, to 2,564.
Small companies rose more than larger ones, a sign that investors were moving money into riskier investments. The Russell 2000 index, a benchmark for small-cap stocks, rose 2.1 percent.
European markets also closed sharply higher. Germany’s DAX rose 5.3 percent, France’s CAC-40 5.7 percent. Britain’s FTSE 100 rose 4 percent.
The encouraging signs from Europe also sent commodities prices higher. Investors fear that a blowup in Europe’s debt crisis could drag down economic growth across the globe. That would reduce demand for raw materials such as crude oil and copper.
Oil soared 5.3 percent, copper 4.8 percent. That helped the stocks of energy producers and mining companies. Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold Inc. rose 4.4 percent and Exxon Mobil Corp. rose 2.6 percent. Gold rose 3.6 percent, its first gain in a week.
Analysts caution that even a small dose of bad news from Europe or the U.S. economy could push stocks right back down again.
“This is a news, rumor-driven rally,” said Ryan Detrick, senior technical strategist at Schaeffer’s Investment Research in Cincinnati. “This is still a very, very risky market.”
Worries about Europe have weighed on the stock market for months. The S&P 500, a benchmark for many U.S. mutual funds, has fallen 12 percent since July 22, shortly after spiking yields on Italian and Spanish bonds brought fears that the region’s debt crisis could spread beyond peripheral countries like Greece and Ireland.
Analysts say more needs to be done to fight Europe’s debt crisis. Finance ministers have been pushing to increase the size of Europe’s rescue fund. Economists also want the European Central Bank to lower interest rates to help spur the economy.
In the U.S., the threat of another budget crisis was averted late Monday when the Senate passed legislation to avoid a government shutdown.
Home prices rose for a fourth straight month in most major U.S. cities in July. A report on Tuesday also showed that consumer confidence improved slightly in September after plummeting in August.
Walgreen Co. fell 6.3 percent, the most in the S&P, after the drugstore operator said it is ending its relationship with Express Scripts Inc. That deal is worth $5.3 billion per year, but Walgreen said Express Scripts was not paying it enough money to fill prescriptions.