Did you experiment with the digital currency Bitcoin last year? Get ready for some funky tax math.
This upcoming tax season will be the first time many Bitcoin users take a crack paying taxes on their digital currency purchases. It was only last year that Bitcoin got popular enough that Overstock.com, Microsoft and others started accepting it as a payment method.
The IRS said in 2014 that Bitcoin is a property, not a currency. So, prepare to carefully pore over every single item you bought last year with bitcoins.
First, the basic rule: The government views Bitcoin kind of like company stock. If it increases in value and you sell it, you experience a “gain” — like a capital gain — and must report it as income.
Now for reality: The value of a bitcoin steadily slid last year by 58%. It started the year at $748 per bitcoin and ended at $317. It performed worse than the Russian ruble. So you likely didn’t experience any gains, and you don’t owe taxes.
Let’s say you’re the average person who dipped toes into Bitcoin, maybe buying a single bitcoin and spending some of it on a few items throughout the year.
You’ll have to compare the value of the original bitcoin with the value of the portion you spent.
For example, let’s say you bought 0.1 BTC for $60 in July and the value fell to half in October. That’s when you spent it at a high-tech bar. That portion was then worth $30. You experienced a $30 loss.
Now repeat that over and over again.
This gets wildly confusing if you acquired Bitcoin several times, explained New York tax lawyer Tyler S. Robbins. If you just kept adding bitcoins to your wallet, it’s like pouring water into a glass. How do you determine an “original value?” You can’t. They’re all mixed in together.
“This is extremely burdensome — a lot of headache for ridiculously small dollar amounts,” said Omri Y. Marian, who teaches law at the University of Florida.
Ironically, it’ll be worst for those who used Bitcoin most trivially. The accounting is actually easier for those who bought large amounts as a risky investment and sold it in a few, large chunks.
Some accountants say Bitcoin users can claim the drop in the digital currency’s value as a capital loss up to $3,000. This lowers your overall income, shrinking how much you owe in taxes.
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