Obama Highlights Syria and Iran at UN

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UN speechAs expected, President Obama used the stage at the UN General Assembly Tuesday morning to touch on practically all of the global urgencies the U.S. faces, and, as expected, Syria and Iran got the most attention.

     From Afghanistan to Tunisia, the president observed of the former country that our troops will be out of there next year and how in the latter with advent of Arab Spring there came a sense of hope that peaceful transition was on the horizon in North Africa and the Middle East. 

     But the hope for peace and tranquility among the world’s nations, Obama would have been remiss not to mention the most recent tragedy in Kenya that left a bloody carnage in a shopping mall last Saturday.

     “Ultimately,” he said, stressing the goal of the U.S., “this is the international community that America seeks – one where nations do not covet the land or resources of other nations, but one in which we carry out the founding purpose of this institution; a world in which the rules established out of the horrors of war can help us resolve conflicts peacefully, and prevent the kind of wars that our forefathers fought; a world where human beings can live with dignity and meet their basic needs, whether they live in New York or Nairobi; in Peshawar or Damascus.”
 

    Oddly, in his geo-political rundown there was no mention of North Korea, and China was only referred to as a member of the UN Security Council where along with the U.S., France, Britain, and Russia it is a permanent member.  And in the coming days, it goes without saying; Russia will retain its place in the spotlight as the negotiations continue on the wording of the resolution to bring the chemical weapons in Syria under international control.   

     And what if there’s no agreement or the Assad regime unleashes chemical gas on its people again?  Obama paused for a moment as if to make it perfectly clear about his foreign policy over the remaining days of his tenure.   “…Let me take this opportunity to outline what has been U.S. policy towards the Middle East and North Africa, and what will be my policy during the remainder of my presidency.  The United States of America is prepared to use all elements of our power, including military force, to secure these core interests in the region.”

     His comments on Syria segued directly into his concern about Iran.  There was much speculation that he might meet with Hassan Rouhani, Iran’s new president, during his visit to the UN since both were there to address the Assembly.

     To date, there has not been the typical rancor between the U.S. and Iran that was so evident with President Ahmadinejad, and this was subtly indicated by Obama.

     “Since I took office,’” he began, “I have made it clear – in letters to the Supreme Leader in Iran and more recently to President Rouhani – that America prefers to resolve our concerns over Iran’s nuclear program peacefully, but that we are determined to prevent them from developing a nuclear weapon. We are not seeking regime change, and we respect the right of the Iranian people to access peaceful nuclear energy. Instead, we insist that the Iranian government meet its responsibilities under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and UN Security Council resolutions.
Meanwhile, the Supreme Leader has issued a fatwa against the development of nuclear weapons, and President Rouhani has just recently reiterated that the Islamic Republic will never develop a nuclear weapon.”

     Of course, Obama had to say something about the quest for peace between Israel and the Palestinians, about the bringing all the troops home from Iraq, and the continuing war against terrorism, particularly Al-Qaeda and its affiliates, and it was no surprise to hear him emphasize his desire for peace and harmony among the nations of the world.

     “Time and again, nations and people have shown our capacity to change – to live up to humanity’s highest ideals, to choose our better history,” he said toward end of his lengthy speech. “Last month, I stood where fifty years ago Martin Luther King Jr. told America about his dream, at a time when many people of my race could not even vote for President. Earlier this year, I stood in the small cell where Nelson Mandela endured decades cut off from his own people and the world. Who are we to believe that today’s challenges cannot be overcome, when we have seen what changes the human spirit can bring? Who in this hall can argue that the future belongs to those who seek to repress that spirit, rather than those who seek to liberate it?”