Captain Comics: A Primer on Who ?Black Lightning? is and isn?t

(Marvel's Black Lightning)

?Black Lightning,? a new superhero show, debuts on The CW Jan. 16. He?s new to TV, but the African-American hero with electrical powers has a long, proud history in comics.

But before we talk about who he is, let?s establish who he?s not.

Black Lightning is not Black Vulcan, the African-American hero with electrical powers on ?Challenge of the Super Friends,? although there is a tale to be told there.

According to a 2007 story on, ?Challenge? producer Hanna-Barbera wanted to use Black Lightning, but were told a fee would have to be paid to Black Lightning creator Tony Isabella. So they created another character that was just a transparent rip-off.

Black Lightning is not Static, of the ?Static Shock? cartoon, nor is he related in any way. Static debuted in 1993 at an independent DC Comics line called Milestone, and later got his own animated show. But there?s been no public acknowledgement of any connection between the two characters, and personality-wise, Static owes a lot more to Spider-Man.

?Somewhere along the line, electrical powers and black superheroes seemed to have been joined at the hip,? Isabella said in a Jan. 6 podcast at, and he?s not wrong. In addition to Black Vulcan and Static, Storm of the X-Men wields lightning, and Volt of Image?s ?Irredeemable? is so aware of his resemblance to other black characters and their electrical powers that he jokes about it.

But Black Lightning was definitely the first major one, and DC?s first black headliner. He was created in 1977, when Tony Isabella ? who had written Luke Cage and Black Goliath at Marvel Comics ? was brought in by DC to write an African-American character. They had two issues of a character called ?The Black Bomber? written, and wanted Isabella to punch up the scripts.

Isabella, as he has established in many interviews since, refused. He was appalled.

The Black Bomber was actually a white racist, who ? due to the time-honored comic book origin of ?scientific experiment gone awry? ? could become a black superhero. That?s weird enough, but weirder still, both the white guy and the black guy had separate personalities and were initially unaware of each other. And shockingly, the white aspect is horrified when he discovers he risked his life to save a black baby, whom he refers to as ? no lie ? a ?jungle bunny.? To complete this picture of clueless, casual racism, the Bomber?s superhero outfit was essentially a basketball uniform.

?I told (DC), you cannot publish these scripts,? Isabella said in the podcast. ?And they go ?why?? ?Because they?re offensive. People will come to your offices with pitchforks and torches.? And they go ?How can you know that?? ?I?ll be leading them.? ?

Isabella eventually won the argument, and created his own character, Black Lightning. The first issue introduced schoolteacher Jefferson Pierce, who had inborn electrical abilities that he had always kept hidden. Pierce becomes principal of his alma mater Garfield High in Metropolis? Suicide Slum neighborhood, and in reaction to the urban ills affecting his students, reluctantly dons a mask, uniform and Afro to fight the organized crime group called The 100 and corrupt politicians led by Tobias Whale.

That first series only lasted 11 issues, due to an industry downturn. A second series in the 1990s, also written by Isabella, only lasted 13 issues due to creative differences. A third series, ?Black Lightning: Year One? fleshed out Isabella?s origin for the character, although this six-issue miniseries was written by Jen Van Meter.

But Jefferson Pierce had quite a career outside those eponymous titles.

Amazingly, Black Lightning was offered membership in the Justice League in 1979, but turned it down.

(He even called them ?jive turkeys? on the cover.) He did join the team much later (when just about everyone in the DC Universe did), but his primary team association is as a founding member of Batman?s ?Outsiders.? He also had a notable team-up with Blue Devil, an obscure DC character who is, in fact, a big, blue devil.

Strangely, Pierce appeared during the Lex Luthor presidential administration as Secretary of Education. Not much was done with his presence in that storyline, and it?s best to think of it now as apocryphal ? because Pierce, as Isabella created him, is far too honorable to have any association with Luthor.

Pierce also aged (gracefully) in his comics incarnation, with two daughters being added to his story ? both of whom have inherited super-powers. Youngest daughter Jennifer is most like Daddy, employing almost identical powers as the superhero Lightning. Eldest daughter Anissa can become almost indestructible and create shock waves, and goes by Thunder.

Not so in his newest series, once again written by Tony Isabella. ?Black Lightning: Cold Dead Hands? is a six-issue miniseries featuring a 28-year-old Jefferson Pierce. He doesn?t have any daughters (yet), but his new home town is Cleveland (like Isabella) and, Isabella told sliceofscifi, ?We?re trying to do a superhero story in a real-world setting.?

?We?re dealing with gun violence, but, of course, in a superhero world that gets invaded every other week, this is super weapons,? Isabella said in an Oct. 31 Entertainment Weekly interview. ?We?re dealing with police violence. We?re dealing with crime. We?re dealing with education. We?re dealing with racism. All of those are part of the story. They enrich the story without making the comic books all about the issues.?

Much of that will be present in the CW show, for which Isabella wrote a description of Black Lightning?s core values. Jefferson Pierce (Cress Williams) will once again be a reluctant superhero, but will be much older than his current comic book counterpart. Once again he will have two daughters, Anissa (Nafessa Williams) and Jennifer (China Anne McClain).

Despite ?Black Lightning? appearing on The CW, it won?t be set in the same ?Arrowverse? as ?Arrow,? ?The Flash,? ?Legends of Tomorrow? and ?Supergirl? ? at least for the first year. Jefferson Pierce?s story will stand alone, as it often did in the comics that inspired the show.

What the producers and actors said at Comic-Con International: San Diego probably gives the best heads up about the series:

?Usually we see heroes who are trying to save the world,? Cress Williams said in San Diego, as quoted by comicbookresources. com on July 7. ?But he?s saving the world one person at a time.?

?Why Black Lightning?? Executive producer Salim Akil said, ?Because I think it?s time. I think Jefferson Pierce is the epitome of what black men are. He loves his wife. He loves his children. He loves his community. ? This is going to come from an authentic black male voice.?

?Our stories and what we?re going to talk about and what we?re going to explore,? said Christine Adams, who plays Jefferson?s ex-wife, Lynn Pierce. ?They?re beyond color. ? It?s about universal things that we?re all going to relate (to).?

Plus, of course, electric-powered superhero beat-downs. Don?t bury the lead, folks!

(Article written by Andrew A. Smith)